Izitofu zikapharafini nezikaphalafini

I-Las Izitofu zikapharafiniIzitofu zikaphalafini, ezaziwa nangokuthi izitofu zikaphalafini noma zikaphalafini, azisetshenziswa kabanzi emazweni amaningi, nakuba zisaqhubeka zinendima enkulu kwamanye amazwe aseNingizimu Melika, lapho imali etholwa isakhamuzi ngasinye iphansi, futhi ingakuvumeli ukufinyelela kwelinye lamazwe aseNingizimu Melika. izindaba izitofu zepelethi noma of izitofu zegesi. Inzuzo enkulu yalolu hlobo lwesitofu ngokungangabazeki intengo yaso, ephansi kakhulu uma iqhathaniswa nezinye izitofu eziningi..

Zibuye zibe umphumela ziphelele uma sidinga ukuzithutha, ukunikeza ukushisa emakamelweni amaningana noma uma siwasebenzisa kuphela isikhathi esifushane, ngenxa yobuncane bawo. Uphethiloli wayo, upharafini, awuyona inkinga kunoma yimuphi umsebenzisi, okungenye inzuzo enkulu.

Ukuqhathaniswa kwezitofu zikaphalafini

Izitofu zikapharafini ezingcono kakhulu

Lapha sikukhombisa ezinye zezitofu zikapharafini ezihamba phambili ongazithenga emakethe namuhla, nokuthi ungakwazi ukuthenga nge-Amazon ukuze kube lula;

I-Zibro RS-122 i-oven kapharafini

Isitofu sikapharafini iZibro singesinye sezithengiswa kakhulu e-Amazon futhi ngaphandle kokungabaza kungenxa yentengo yaso, kodwa ngenxa yezici esisinika zona. Phakathi kwabo, ukufakwa ngaphandle kwamapayipi okukhipha amandla kanye nethuba lokuyisebenzisa ngisho nokusikeka kagesi kuvelele.

Inamandla angu-2.2KW ingaphezu kokwanele ukushisisa amagumbi aphakathi kuka-19 no-48 square metres esebenzisa uphethiloli ophakathi kuka-0,083 no-0,313 wamalitha ngehora, ngakho ngenxa yethangi layo elingu-7.5-litre sizozuza ukuzimela okukhulu.

Uma uyifuna, intengo yayo icishe ibe ngama-euro angu-190 futhi ungayithenga usebenzisa esikunikezayo ukuze uyithole ngentengo engcono kakhulu.

Qlima SER-3230

Uma ufuna ukushisisa igumbi elikhudlwana, sinale enye imodeli enamandla angu-3KW kanye namakamelo angafika ku-48 square metres.

Amandla ayo okushisa angu-3KW, ithangi layo likhuphuka lifinyelele ku-8.1 amalitha futhi liyanconywa ukushisisa izindawo ezinendawo engamamitha-skwele angama-48.

Ngala mandla, ungakwazi ukuthenga lesi sitofu sikapharafini ngentengo emangalisayo ngezinzuzo esikunikezayo.

toyotomi

Futhi uma isabelomali sethu sisephansi, singahlala sikhetha isitofu sikaphalafini se-Toyomi, esingasithola ngama-euro angaphezudlwana nje kuka-180 futhi sizosivumela ukuthi sifudumise amagumbi aphakathi kuka-19 no-48 wamamitha-skwele ngokusetshenziswa okuphakathi kuka-0,083 no-0,313 litres a isikhathi kuye ngamandla nezinga lokushisa esilikhethile ku-thermostat. Lesi sitofu sinamandla okushisa angu-3KW.

Ngokungangabazeki, lesi sitofu sikaphethiloli sizolungela ukushisisa amagumbi amancane noma ukuba sibe naso endaweni yokuhlala yesibili lapho singavamile ukuya khona ebusika.

Qlima SRE 9046

Okokugcina, sifuna ukukubonisa isitofu sikapharafini oketshezi we-Qlima SRE, esinenzuzo enkulu yokuthi singasihambisa kalula noma kuphi. Intengo yayo nayo ayiphezulu kakhulu uma sicabangela izici nezinzuzo ezisinika yona.

Kunjalo, khumbula ukuthi yakhelwe ukushisisa amakamelo phakathi 75 square metres kanye 190 square metres. Lesi sitofu sikapharafini sishibhe ukudlula zonke iziqhathaniso kodwa futhi yisona esinika amandla amancane (4.65KW).

Upharafini wezitofu

Njengoba sesivele siphawule phambilini uphethiloli owuketshezi osetshenziselwa lezi zitofu upharafini nophalafini. Phezu kokuthi kukhona ukungaboni ngaso linye phakathi kwawo, ikakhulukazi ezingeni lezohwebo, ajwayele ukuthathwa njengento efanayo, into esizoyisebenzisa ukuwaphatha njengawo la mafutha esizowasebenzisa ezitofini zethu zikapharafini.

Upharafini utholakala, ngaphandle kokuchaza imininingwane eminingi, ngokusebenzisa a inqubo yokuhlunga amafutha, i-distilled emazingeni okushisa aphezulu kakhulu. Ngale nqubo, kufinyelelwa uwoyela obese upholisiwe futhi lapho ucwebezela, uba upharafini, yiqiniso, ngemva kwezinqubo eziningana zokuhlunga kanye nokugeza kwe-asidi ne-alkali.

Isithombe sesigubhu sikapharafini

Kokubili upharafini kanye nophalafini kutholakala ku-petroleum, okwenza amanani azo ehluke ngokuphindaphindiwe kuye ngenani legolide elimnyama. Lo mafutha, onenzuzo kakhulu ngakolunye uhlangothi, awumuhle ngakolunye uhlangothi njengoba ushiya iphunga eliyingqayizivele lapho ukhanyisa isitofu.

Upharafini noma uphalafini ungathengwa ngenani elikhulu lezikhungo ngisho naku-inthanethi ngokusebenzisa izitolo ezihlukene ezibonakalayo, njenge-Amazon nezinye eziningi.

Izinhlobo zezitofu zikapharafini

Ngokuvamile, okwamanje kunezinhlobo ezimbili ezahlukene zezitofu zikapharafini;

I-Wick Paraffin Stoves

Lolu hlobo lwesitofu lugqama ngaso ubulula obukhulu futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke ngoba azidingi ukuxhunywa kunethiwekhi kagesi. Ukuze basebenze kuzodingeka ugcwalise ithangi likaphethiloli futhi ngokushesha uqale ukuthola ukushisa abakukhiqizayo.

Okuwukuphela komphumela walolu hlobo lwesitofu kwenzeka lapho sifuna ukuzisebenzisa okokuqala futhi ukuthi ukuze siqale ukuzisebenzisa kuzomele silinde isigamu sehora ngaphambi kokusivula ukuze intambo icwiliswe kahle kuphethiloli futhi isebenze. ngendlela efanele.

Izitofu zikagesi noma zeLaser

Ngokungafani nezitofu zezintambo, izitofu ze-electronic noma ze-laser uma lokho Zidinga ukuxhunywa kugesi kagesi njengoba zinesistimu yokulawula kagesi ezosinika izinzuzo ezinhle uma uyisebenzisa. Phakathi kwazo ukulawula ugesi we-burner, umsebenzi wokonga uphethiloli, i-thermostat evuliwe noma evala isishisi noma uhlelo lwansuku zonke lokusebenza.

Sisebenza kanjani isitofu sikapharafini

Nakuba okwamanje kunezinhlobo eziningi ezahlukene zezitofu zikapharafini emakethe, ukusebenza kwazo kufana kakhulu, futhi ngaphezu kokuba kulula. Futhi kwanele ukugcwalisa ithangi likaphethiloli ngepharafini bese ukhanyisa i-wick ehambisanayo ukuze isitofu sethu siqale ukukhiqiza ukushisa.

Nawa ama-video amabili abonisa indlela yokukhanyisa isitofu sikapharafini ngendlela elula njengoba sibona ekuthungelweni kweheater kaphalafini ngesishishi sikagesi (imodeli yesimanje):

Izinzuzo zesitofu sikapharafini

Ngezansi sikubonisa izinzuzo eziyinhloko izitofu zikapharafini ezinazo;

  • Ukushisa okomile. Lezi zinhlobo zezitofu zikhiqiza ukushisa okomile ngoba izifudumezi zikaphalafini zibangela umswakama omncane kakhulu ngokungafani nezinye izitofu. Lokhu kwenza ukuthi ukuzwa ukushisa kwenzeke ngokushesha nje.
  • Uphethiloli ophephile. Upharafini, ngokuphambene nalokho umuntu angase akucabange, uphethiloli ophephile, ongeyona ingozi yokuqhuma futhi unciphisa izingozi zomlilo zibe sezingeni eliphansi kakhulu.
  • Izinsiza ezingenalutho. Ngokungafani nezinye izinhlobo zezitofu, alukho uhlobo lokufakwa oludingekayo ukuze uqale ukusebenzisa isitofu sikapharafini.
  • Ukushisa kusakazeka ngokushesha okukhulu kulo lonke igumbi lapho isitofu sikhona
  • Basebenzela ukushisa izikhala ezinkulu. Izitofu zikapharafini ezincane kunazo zonke zingasetshenziswa ukushisisa izikhala ezingafika ku-20 square metres, kodwa amamodeli amakhulu angashisisa amagumbi ngokuphindwe kathathu ngobukhulu.
  • Ukusebenza okuhle. Ukusebenza kahle kwamandla kwalezi zitofu kusondele ku-100%, okusinikeza ukusebenza okuhle kakhulu
  • Intengo. Njengamanje intengo yezitofu zikapharafini, ikakhulukazi uma siyiqhathanisa nezinye izinhlobo zezitofu, iphansi impela.
  • Ukonga okukhulu. Ngaphezu kwenani elihle izitofu zikapharafini ezidayiswa ngayo, ukusebenza kwazo konga kakhulu njengoba ngamalitha angama-20 kuphela kapharafini singakwazi ukugcina isitofu sisebenza cishe amahora ayi-100.

Ukungalungi kwesitofu sikapharafini

  • Izindawo ezinomoya. Kufanele zisetshenziswe kuphela ezindaweni ezinomoya
  • Qaphela isikhutha. Enye yezinto ezimbi eziyinhloko zalolu hlobo lwesitofu i-carbon monoxide ezikhiqizayo, ezingaba yingozi kubantu. Banezinhlelo zokuphepha okufanele zigweme izingozi zesigameko, kodwa kuyathakazelisa ukungazisebenzisi ebusuku kodwa zenze njengoba sesishilo kakade ezindaweni ezinomoya ohlanzekile.
  • Khipha iphunga. Upharafini nophalafini kukhipha iphunga, ikakhulukazi uma kushiswa, okungaba mnandi kubantu abathile.

Ukusetshenziswa kwesitofu sikapharafini

Sesike saphawula ukuthi ukuthengwa kwesitofu sikapharafini kungasonga ngempela, kodwa nophethiloli esiwudingayo ungaphezu kwamandla ethu ukuthi nawo ayonga kakhulu. Futhi wukuthi upharafini wezitofu utholakala ngentengo ephansi ngempela. Isibonelo, ngemuva kokusesha ku-inthanethi, sikwazile ukuyithola Ithini likaphethiloli elingu-20 litre ngama-euro angu-40 kuphela, ngakho kulula ukuphetha ngokuthi ilitha likapharafini libiza ama-euro angu-2..

Ukusetshenziswa kwesitofu sikapharafini kuncike emandleni aso, kodwa isitofu esilula siyakwazi ukushisa igumbi elingamamitha-skwele angama-40 nge ukusetshenziswa okuzoba phakathi kuka-0,10 no-0,30 amalitha / ihora. Lokhu ngokuqinisekile kuzoncika ekushiseni esifuna ukukufinyelela ekamelweni, ikhwalithi ye-insulation nezinye izici.

Kule datha singathola ububanzi obulandelayo:

  • 0,10 amalitha / ihora x € 2 / ilitha = € 0,20 / ihora
  • 0,30 amalitha / ihora x € 2 / ilitha = € 0,60 / ihora

Futhi ufinyelele lezi ziphetho;

  • Icala elihle kakhulu: € 0,20 / h / 40 square metres = € 0,005 / ihora
  • Icala elibi kakhulu: € 0,60 / h / 40 square metres = € 0,015 / ihora

Ingabe izitofu zikapharafini ziphephile?

Isithombe sesitofu sikapharafini

Ngokungafani nalokho abantu abaningi abakukholelwayo Izitofu zikapharafini ziphephe impela, ngokunakekela okuncane nokunaka lapho uzisebenzisa. Yebo, akunakunakwa ukuthi akuzona izitofu eziphephe kunazo zonke esingazithola zitholakala emakethe namuhla.

Okokuqala kubaluleke kakhulu ukuqaphela ngephunga abalikhiphayo lezi zitofu uma sizikhanyisa futhi lokho kungasidalela enye inkinga. Futhi, uma siwasebenzisa ezindaweni ezingenamoya futhi sigwema ukuwasebenzisa ebusuku ukuze sigweme izinkinga ezingase zibe khona nge-carbon monoxide eziwukhiphayo, akufanele zisinike izinkinga eziningi kakhulu.

Izitofu zikapharafini ziphephile ngempela ukusetshenziswa nsuku zonke, inqobo nje uma, futhi njengazo zonke izitofu, sithatha ukunakekela okuncane lapho sizisebenzisa.

Sibeka kuphi isitofu sikaphalafini

Umhlahlandlela Wokuthenga Isitofu sikaParafini

Nakuba izitofu zikaphalafini noma zikapharafini zisebenza kahle uma kuziwa ekubeni negumbi elinomoya omuhle, kufanele zibekwe endaweni efanele ukuze zisebenze kahle.

Zinconyelwe izikhala ze kufika ku-50 square metres, nakuba kubuye kuncike emandleni. Lapho unamandla engeziwe, yilapho ungakwazi ukushisisa. Akunconywa ukuyibeka emakamelweni okulala noma ezindaweni ezingenamoya omncane wendlu, ngoba zikhipha amagesi anephunga elibi futhi, ngokweqile, anobuthi.

Izitofu zikaphalafini eziningi zinazo anti-tip izinhlelo kanye izinzwa Babona inani le-CO2 endaweni ukumisa igesi. Uma ungenakho ukuxhunywa kukagesi endaweni ohlele ukubeka kuyo isitofu, kuzodingeka ukhethe isitofu sikapharafini sentambo.

Ukhanyisa kanjani isitofu sikapharafini

Uma uthenge isitofu sikapharafini, kuvamile ukuthi ube nokungabaza ekuqaleni ukuthi usiqala kanjani. Lapha sikusiza ukuthi ukwazi. Kulula kunalokho ocabanga ngakho, kufanele wenze okulandelayo:

  1. Gcwalisa ithangi likaphalafini. Ipompo yemvelo ingasetshenziswa. Ukuze senze lokhu, sisebenzisa amashubhu athile futhi siwafake esigubhu. Okulandelayo simpompa mathupha.
  2. Ngemuva ithangi lifakwe esitofini futhi iqinisekisa ukuthi ibekwe ngendlela efanele.
  3. Ekugcineni, i-crank iyaphenduka ukusebenzisa isitofu futhi sizoqala ukusebenza.

Indlela yokuhlanza isitofu sikapharafini

Nakuba izitofu zikapharafini zisebenza kakhulu futhi zisebenza kahle, ziphinde zonakale futhi zingcole. Ukuze ugweme izinkinga zokusebenzisa noma iyiphi ingozi, kuhle ukuba njalo unakekelwe futhi uhlanzekile.

Ukugcinwa kwayo akuyona inkimbinkimbi kakhulu, kodwa kufanele ngaso sonke isikhathi igcinwe isesimweni sayo esihle kakhulu ukuze isebenze isikhathi eside ngangokunokwenzeka. Ukuze uyilondoloze, kufanele wenze lokhu okulandelayo:

  • Lapho sivula isitofu, kumelwe sikhumbule ukuthi inkinobho akufanele icindezelwe imizuzwana emi-4, kungenjalo sizobe sishisa ukumelana kancane kancane. Mhlawumbe ngokuzayo lapho sifuna ukukhanyisa isitofu ngeke sibe namandla okumelana naso.
  • Intambo idinga ukunakekelwa okuncane futhi. Uma sekuphele isikhathi samakhaza sesizoyeka ukusebenzisa isitofu, kumele sishise wonke upharafini ethangini. Kufanele ulinde isitofu ukuthi siyeke ukusebenza ngokwaso. Uma lokhu kwenzeka, intambo yoma futhi siyayivimba ukuthi iqine.
  • Uma udinga ukushintsha i-wick noma ukumelana, ungakwenza ngokwakho. Uzithenga ngokwehlukana bese uqaqa icala. Uma usulapho uzodinga kuphela ukushintsha izingxenye.

Njengoba ubona, ukugcinwa kulula ngokujwayelekile.

Ingabe ziyasebenza?

Kunezinhlobo ezimbalwa zezitofu zikapharafini futhi ngasinye sazo sisebenza kahle ngokuya ngamandla. Lolu hlobo lwesitofu lungakhuphula izinga lokushisa lekamelo ngesikhathi esifushane. Lo mthamo wenza ukusetshenziswa kwayo kube phezulu.

Upharafini uyathengiswa ezigubhuni ezingamalitha angama-20 ngokuvamile, ngezintengo ezisukela phakathi kwama-euro angu-40 nama-50. Uma ukhanyisa isitofu, kuya ngamandla aso namandla osivula ngawo, siyadla. phakathi kwamalitha angu-0,13 no-0,30 njalo ngehora.

Zilungele izindawo lapho kukhona okusalungiswa. Isibonelo, ukushisa izindawo zomphakathi lapho iminyango ivuleka futhi ivaliwe ngokuqhubekayo noma amafasitela avuliwe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ikhono labo lokuthuthwa noma kuphi futhi ngaphandle kwesidingo sokufakwa, libenza baphumelele.

Izitofu zikapharafini noma zegesi

Ingxabano eqhubekayo phakathi kwabasebenzisi bezitofu ukuqhathanisa phakathi kwezitofu zikapharafini nezitofu zegesi. Uhlobo ngalunye lwesitofu lunobuhle kanye nobubi balo, kuye ngokusetshenziswa esizonikezwa lona.

Sizozama ukwethula isiqhathaniso ukuze sicacise okuhle nokubi kohlobo ngalunye.

Izitofu zikapharafini ziyahlinzeka ukushisa okomile futhi ithanda ukuzwa ngokushesha ukushisa. Uphethiloli uphephile futhi awudingi zinsiza. Inesivuno esisondele ku-100% futhi imele ukonga okuhle. Kodwa-ke, inconywa kuphela ezindaweni ezinomoya futhi ayisetshenziselwa ukushisa igumbi lakho ebusuku, ngoba linikeza i-carbon monoxide. Uphethiloli ukhipha iphunga elingemnandi, ikakhulukazi uma uyivula noma uyivala.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, izitofu zegesi zihamba kalula, njengoba zinamasondo akhelwe ngaphakathi. Kulula ukuzithola futhi ishibhile ukuzithenga. Banezinyathelo ezinhle zokuphepha futhi uphethiloli ushibhile nawo. Abadingi ukunakekelwa okuningi. Kodwa-ke, ngeke zisetshenziswe ezindaweni ezingenawo umoya ohlanzekile futhi zikhiqiza umswakama omningi endaweni.

Njengoba kungase kubonakale, izinzuzo kanye nokubi kokubili kufana kakhulu. Ngakho-ke, kuyatuseka ukuthi uthenge eyodwa noma enye kuye ngohlobo lwesidingo onaso. Ngezindawo lapho kudingeka khona bafudumale ngokushesha futhi okusalungiswa, isitofu sikapharafini singcono. Uma, ngakolunye uhlangothi, sidinga isitofu esizinzile ngokuhamba kwesikhathi futhi esingakhiphi iphunga ezindaweni ezinkulu, sizosebenzisa isitofu segesi.

Ingabe isitofu sikapharafini siyefana nesitofu sikaphalafini?

Lo ngumbuzo abantu abaningi abazibuza wona. Upharafini noma uphalafini? Nokho, asikho isizathu sokungabaza, Ziyafana. Upharafini noma uphalafini wuhlobo lukaphethiloli osobala novuthayo otholakala ngokugaywa kwe-petroleum. Ibuye isetshenziselwe ukwenza izibulala-zinambuzane nanjengezincibilikisi.

Uma lisetshenziswa emkhakheni wezitofu, igama elithi parafini lisetshenziswa kakhulu kunophalafini. Nokho, la magama amabili abhekisela ohlotsheni olufanayo lukaphethiloli. Njengoba ivutha umlilo, ukuqapha kufanele kusetshenziswe ngesikhathi sokusetshenziswa nokuthutha.

Ngalolu lwazi, kuqinisekile ukuthi zonke izici eziphathelene nezitofu zikapharafini zenziwe zacaca. Manje kufanele ukhethe uhlobo lwesitofu esikufanela kangcono kuye ngesidingo sakho.


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