Izitovu zePellet kunye nebiomass

Las izitovu Ziya zithandwa ngakumbi nangakumbi, ngakumbi ezo zenziwe ngeepellet ngenxa yexabiso labo loqoqosho kwimarike, ngenxa yendlela iipellets ezitshiphu ezinokuthi zithengwe kwaye ngokuyinxenye ngenxa yoyilo oluyimpumelelo olunokuthi kwezinye iimeko lunike uchuku olwahlukileyo kwaye oluhle izindlu zethu. Ukuba unomdla wokwazi nzulu zithini na izitovu zepellet, zeziphi iindidi ezikhoyo kwaye zisebenza njani funda uqhubeke

Mhlawumbi unokucinga ukuba izitofu zixhobo zexesha elidlulileyo, kodwa zikude, kwaye namhlanje zikhona izitovu zepelethi Zezona zidumileyo, zikwangabizi kakhulu kunezinye iintlobo zezitovu kunye nokufudumeza.

Ukuthelekiswa kwezitovu zepellet

Okokuqala, siza kuqala ngokuphonononga izitovu ezininzi zepellet ezinexabiso eliphantsi ezinokuthi zingabi yeyona ndlela ifanelekileyo yokufudumeza ikhaya lakho, kodwa zikwayindlela efanelekileyo yokuhombisa ikhaya lakho.

Umzekelo Izixhobo Ixabiso
Umfanekiso wesitovu sepellet uEvacalor PELLAS isitovu uRita 9 kW

isitovia

-Amandla: 9KW
-Imilinganiselo: 91,2 × 43,4 × 50,6 cm
-Izongezelelweyo: ulawulo olukude kunye nokukhusela isiseko

950,00 €Jonga isivumelwano

Qaphela: 8 / 10

Nemaxx P6

Eider Biomass

-Amandla: 15KW
-Imilinganiselo: 70x60x50 cm
-Izongeziweyo: ukukhuselwa kokutshisa

1.995,00 €Jonga isivumelwano

Qaphela: 10 / 10

nemaxx P9

FLS

-Amandla: 9KW
-Imilinganiselo: 50x47x81 cm
-Izongeziweyo: ukukhuselwa kokutshisa

1.872,52 €Jonga isivumelwano

Qaphela: 9 / 10

Haverland EPE-02A

Isimbo esimhlophe

-Amandla: 14KW
-Imilinganiselo: 57x57x115 cm
-Izongeziweyo: umnyango ophindwe kabini, unokucwangciswa, kunye ne-remote

2.926,80 €Jonga isivumelwano

Qaphela: 8 / 10

Isitovu sePellet Ferroli lira

Ferroli Lira

-Amandla: 6,58KW
-Imilinganiselo: 93,6 x 44 x 50,5 cm
-Izongezelelweyo: iphaneli yedijithali, ulawulo olukude

1.184,27 €Jonga isivumelwano

Qaphela: 9 / 10

Izitofu zePellet ezitshiphu

Okwangoku kwimarike sinokufumana isixa esikhulu sezitovu zepellet, ezinye zazo zitshiphu kakhulu Kwaye oko sikubonisa ngokulandelayo, ngenzuzo yokuba ungazithenga ngeAmazon nokuba kuthetha ukuthini.

Isitovu seStovia 9 kW

Kunzima ukufumana isitovu sepellet ngexabiso elifikelelekayo, kodwa ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo le modeli iyahlangabezana nale mfuneko, ikwasinika iinkcukacha ezinomdla kakhulu. Kwaye kukuba inokusebenza kakuhle kwamandla.

Ikwanayo nesitayile santlandlolo kunye nesanamhlanje sibulela kwintsimbi emile njengemaza eya kuthi isivumele ukuba siyibeke naphi na ngaphandle kokutsala umdla, inika uphawu lokuchukumisa igumbi lethu.

Eider Biomass

Ngoyilo oluncinci oluncinci kunezinye izitofu, le modeli isinika ezinye izinto ngokubuyisela, phakathi kwazo ngokungathandabuzekiyo kufuneka siqaqambise amandla ayo okufudumeza kwiindawo ezinkulu. Ixabiso layo lixabiso lezoqoqosho kwizinto ezinikezelayo, esiya kukwazi ukulihlawula kwiinyanga ezimbalwa kwaye apho kufuneka songeze iipellets esizisebenzisayo kwimihla yethu kwimihla ngemihla.

FLS

Ukuba sikhangele isitofu esivumela ukuba silawule ukushisa kunye nezinye izinto ezininzi ngamaxesha onke, ukhetho oluhle lunokuba lo mzekelo kunye neziko lokulawula elibekwe phezulu kwisixhobo. Ixabiso layo lisenokubonakala liphezulu, kodwa ngexesha elifutshane liya kubonakala linoqoqosho kakhulu kuba i-amortization kunye nenkonzo zibalaseleyo.

Ngexabiso eliqikelelweyo le-euro eziliwaka kunye namandla e-9KW.

I-Decorspace yaseCayenne

Esinye sezitovu zexabiso eliphantsi esinokusifumana emarikeni yile Decorspace ngoku inexabiso elimalunga nama-2000 eeuro. Ngembuyekezo, isinika amandla angaphezu kwamandla abalaseleyo kunye namandla angaphezulu okumangalisayo okufudumeza amagumbi amakhulu, i-338 cubic metres, iyenza ilungele ukufudumeza umgangatho wonke.

Njengezongezo ezongezelelweyo, qaphela ukuba enkosi kwiscreen sayo sedijithali sinokuyicwangcisa ukuba isebenze ngamaxesha okanye kwiqondo lobushushu esilifunayo.

Ferroli LIRA 6,58kW isitovu

Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo sijongene nesinye sezitovu zepellet ezigqwesileyo kwimarike, enoyilo olucokisekileyo, oluya kusivumela ukuba silubeke naphi na ekhayeni lethu okanye kwishishini lethu ngaphandle kokungqubana nangaliphi na ixesha. Ukongeza, enye yamandla ayo kukusebenza okuphezulu kakhulu esinika yona kwaye oko kunyuka ngamanani ukuya kuma-92,2%.

Phakathi kwezona nkalo zimbi sifumana ixabiso layo, nangona ingeyiyo yonke into enokuba ziindaba ezilungileyo. Ewe kunjalo, ukuba ufuna uluvo lwethu, olu tyalo-mali lunokuba lolona lwazi lulungileyo ulubonileyo ebomini bakho bonke.

Ngaba i-pellet kunye nesitovu se-biomass ziyafana?

Lo ngumbuzo abantu abaninzi abazibuza wona xa bekhetha uhlobo lwesitovu. Izitovu zebiomass zezo zisebenzisa amafutha athathwe kwiintsalela zehlathi ezifana namasebe, inkunkuma yokuthena, ingca kunye nezigodo ezindala.

Iipellets luhlobo lwemveliso yendalo ehlelwa njenge i-biomass eqinileyo. Yenziwe kwi-sawdust yendalo eyomileyo, ngaphandle kwezongezo. Kubandakanya ukucinezela i-sawdust ngokubonga kwi-lignin ngokwayo ukuba i-binder sawdust inayo kunye nokusetyenziswa koxinzelelo oluphezulu i-pellet yenziwe. Inokwakheka kwecylindrical kwaye incinci kakhulu ngobukhulu.

Ngoko ke, kunokutshiwo oko izitovu zepellet luhlobo lwezitovu zebiomass, ekubeni zizinto zendalo ezisetyenziswa njengezibaso ukwenza ubushushu.

Ngolu lwazi uya kuba nakho ukwazi okungakumbi malunga nezitovu zepellet kwaye wazi ukuba yeyiphi omele uyikhethe.

Yintoni i-pellet?

Umfanekiso wesandla seepellets

Iipellets ziyimveliso yendalo, ebhalwe njenge-biomass eqinileyo kwaye yenziwe ngeesilinda ezincinci kakhulu, kuphela iimilimitha ezimbalwa ububanzi.

Zenziwe kwi-sawdust eyomileyo yendalo, ngaphandle kokongeza naziphi na izongezo, ekubeni i-lignin yayo isetyenziselwa ukusebenza ngokugqibeleleyo njenge-binder. Oku kusebenza ukucinezela i-sawdust kuxinzelelo oluphezulu kakhulu kwaye ngaloo ndlela yenze i-pellet, eyenza i-pellets ibe nokwakheka okuxineneyo kunye nobunzima nangona incinci.

Enye yeempawu zayo ezinkulu ixabiso elikhulu le calorific leyo idibene nexabiso layo malunga € 0,05 kWh nganye zibenze zibe zezona ndlela zifanelekileyo nezifikelelekayo zokugcina ikhaya lethu likwiqondo lobushushu elilungileyo.

Thenga iipelisi

Xa kuziwa ekuthengeni iipelisi, sinokukwenza kwiindawo ezininzi, ngakumbi ezo ndawo zinkulu ezinikezelwe kulwakhiwo okanye ukuhlobisa, kodwa nakwezinye iivenkile ezinkulu.

Ezona fom ziqhelekileyo ziqhele ukuhanjiswa ngazo zezi zilandelayo:

  • Iingxowa. Ubunzima beekhilogram ezili-15, sinokuthenga iingxowa zeepellets kwiindawo ezininzi ngexabiso elingabizi. Zilungele abasebenzisi abasebenzisa kancinci kwaye zilawuleka kakhulu nakubani na. Ngokuphathelele ixabiso, malunga nengxowa yeekhilogram ezili-15 inexabiso le-3.70 euro.
  • Iingxowa ezinkulu. Ukuba awukwazi ukubonelela ngeelori zetanki, olu lukhetho olungaphezulu kokunika umdla, kwaye leyo kukuba ibhegi enkulu inokubamba malunga ne-1.000 yeekhilogram zeepellets. Ngaphaya koko, olu khetho luhlala luxabiso eliphantsi kunokuthenga iipellets ngeebhegi.
  • Ilori yethangi. Ekugqibeleni sifumana eyona ndlela ikhululekile kunye neyoqoqosho yokuthenga iipellet ukuba singabathengi abakhulu. Ukuphela kokungaphumeleli kwezi lori kukuba zifaka iipellets ngqo kwitanki ngokuzenzekelayo kukuba kufuneka sibe nediphozithi efikelelekayo ngokupheleleyo, zombini ithumbu elihambisa iipellet kunye nelori yetanki.

Iindidi zezitovu zepellet

Emva koko siza kwenza i ukuphononongwa kweentlobo zezitovu zepellet esinokuzifumana kwiimarike kwaye kungakanani ukuduma okukhulu abanako;

Izifudumezi zomoya

Izitovu zomoya zezona sizifumana rhoqo emarikeni. Olu hlobo lwezitovu zisetyenziswa ikakhulu ukufudumeza umoya kwigumbi ekulo, ngaphandle kokukwazi ukufuna ukufudumeza ngokubanzi indlu ngenxa yokunciphisa amandla ayo kwaye ngaphezu kwayo yonke into ekufikeleleni. Inzuzo enkulu kukuba basasaza ubushushu ngokulinganayo kulo lonke igumbi.

Izitovu zombhobho

Umfanekiso wesitovu se-ductile pellet

Ezi ntlobo zezitovu zifana kakhulu nezitovu zomoya, nangona zinenzuzo enkulu leyo batshintsha umoya kumagumbi ahlukeneyo okanye amagumbi ngeetyhubhu ezahlukeneyo abenza imisebenzi yokukhupha ubushushu. Inzuzo enkulu yolu hlobo lwesitofu kukuba ingasetyenziselwa ngokugqibeleleyo ukutshisa indlu yonke okanye amagumbi amakhulu afuna ukuba neendawo ezininzi zokushisa.

Las izitovu zepellet zinenzuzo enkulu ngaphezu kwezinye iindidi zezitovu ukusukela oko ineendawo zomoya enye okanye ezimbini ezongezelelweyo. Nasiphi na isitofu se-pellet sinomoya oshushu ngaphambili, odla ngokuba ngaphezu kokwaneleyo, kodwa ukuba, ngokomzekelo, igumbi esifuna ukufudumeza likhulu kakhulu, sinokusoloko sisebenzisa isitofu esifakwe. Kwakhona kunokwenzeka ukuba sifuna ukutshisa ngaphezu kwegumbi elinye ngaxeshanye ukuze sikwazi ukuhambisa umoya oshushu ngeetyhubhu zokuhambisa umoya.

Ngokuqinisekileyo, isitofu se-pellet siya kuba nzima esinokuthi sithathe indawo yenkqubo yokufudumala yendabuko kwaye isitofu siya kuqhubeka sisona akhawunti yokuvelisa ukushisa, ngoko ke umoya oshushu awuyi kufikelela kwamanye amagumbi kwiimeko ezifanelekileyo.

Izitovu zeThermo

Ekugqibeleni sifumana i-thermo-stoves, enye yezona zitofu ezidumileyo, ukususela Zisetyenziselwa ukufudumeza indlu yonke ngokusebenzisa inkqubo ye-radiator yamanzi. Siyabulela kwisiphaluka sangaphakathi samanzi, apho isitofu sitshisa, sinokuba nayo yonke into eshushu ngendlela elula kwaye kwiimeko ezininzi ngokwezoqoqosho. Enye yeenzuzo ezininzi ezi ntlobo zezitovu kukuba ukongeza kubushushu zikwavelisa amanzi ashushu ukuze asetyenziswe yonke imihla.

Abaninzi bajonga i-pellet hydrostoves okanye izitovu ze-thermo njenge indawo ephakathi phakathi kwesitovu kunye nebhoyila. Ekuqalekeni, yonke into isikhokelela ekubeni sicinge ukuba sijongana nesitovu se-pellet, kodwa ukongeza ekukhupheni ubushushu ngemitha kunye nendibano, ine-exchanger ngaphakathi evumela ukufudumeza amanzi esinokuthi ngawo sisasaze loo manzi ashushu kwi-radiation. iiradiyetha eziye zisasazwa kuyo yonke into. Kwakhona kunokwenzeka ukusabalalisa la manzi ashushu kwezinye iintlobo zezixhobo ezingenayo i-radiator.

Ezi ntlobo zezitovu zezona ziluncedo kwaye zinomdla, nangona kunjalo Banengxaki yokuba zibiza kakhulu kwaye kunzima ukuzisingatha kunaso nasiphi na esinye isitovu. Kwaye kukuba ukuba nesekethe yamanzi siya kufuna isitya sokwandisa, ivalve yokhuseleko, i-stopcocks kwaye phantse ngokuqinisekileyo ipompo yokujikeleza, ukongeza kuthungelwano lokuhambisa amanzi kuyo yonke into, leyo ngokungathandabuzekiyo idibanisa izinto kakhulu.

Zisebenza njani izitovu zepellet

Izitovu zePellet, nangona kubonakala ngathi, banoqhaqho olulula kakhulu. Kwaye kukuba isitovu sinetanki apho iipellets zigcinwa khona, ezithi ngesikrufu zidluliselwe kwigumbi lokutshisa apho iipellets zitshiswa amandla akhuphayo kunye nomsi, othunyelwa kwindawo yokuphuma yangaphandle edla ngokuhlala kwindawo yomlilo. umva wesitovu, kwaye ekufuneka ibenendawo yokuphumela ngaphandle.

Xa sithetha ngesitovu se-pellet, abaninzi abanxulumanisa nezitovu zomthi eziqhelekileyo, kufuneka sikhumbule oko eEzi zitovu zingena umoya okanye yintoni efanayo ngokusebenzisa ifeni bathatha umoya kwigumbi abakulo, bawufudumeze baze kamva bawubuyisele kwigumbi.

Emva kokuba le datha yaziwa, kufuneka sahlule phakathi kwezinto ezimbini zokufudumeza ubushushu, ngokusebenzisa i-convection ye-fan eqhuba umoya oshushu kunye ne-radiation ngenxa yefowuni eyenzeka ngokutshiswa kweepellets.

I-drawback kuphela yolu hlobo lwesitovu kukuba amaxesha ngamaxesha kufuneka ulususe uthuthu kwinto ebizwa ngokuba yi ashtray, ebekwe phantsi kwegrill. Kakade ke, sele kukho iindidi ezahlukeneyo zezitovu ezicinezela olu thuthu ngokuzenzekelayo, oluya kusivumela ukuba sisuse ezi ngaphandle kwamafrikhwensi amaninzi kwaye nangendlela elula.

Ngaba izitovu zeepellet zifuna indawo yokukhupha umsi?

Ngelishwa enye yeengxaki ezinkulu zezitovu zepellet kukuba Kuzo zonke iimeko badinga itshimini yokukhupha umsi, ezivelisa ukutsha kweepellets, ezithi nangona zincinci kakhulu, kufuneka ziphume nge-conduit ethile. Ukongeza, le ndawo yomlilo kufuneka ibekwe ngokulandela uluhlu lweemeko zokhuseleko kunye nemiba yokusebenza.

Kwindawo yokuqala, ummiselo (i-RITE) ufuna ukuba yonke i-fumes iphume ngamaxesha onke ngaphezu kophahla lwesakhiwo, ngaloo ndlela ikhuphe ithuba lokwakha umsi osecaleni, onokuba nomdla kakhulu kwiimeko ezithile. Oku kusikhokelela ekubeni sicinge ukuba sihlala kwindawo yokuhlala ukubekwa kwesitofu se-pellet kunzima kakhulu ekubeni i-chimney kufuneka ibekwe phezu kophahla ekwenza kube nzima kakhulu ukukhetha olu hlobo lwesitovu.

Ukuba sinendlela ekhululekile yokubeka i-chimney, kufuneka yenziwe nge-INOX yensimbi kwaye ikhetheke ukuba ifakwe i-insulated kunye ne-double-walled, eya kuthintela ukunyuswa.

Ukugcinwa kwesitovu sepellet

Umfanekiso wesitovu sepellet

Enye yeenzuzo ezinkulu zezitovu zepellet kukuba banesondlo esincinciokanye, enkosi ngokuyinxenye kwinto yokuba ukuvutha kwepellet kucoceke kakhulu, ngaphandle kokushiya intsalela eninzi.

Ngokutsho kwabaninzi abavelisi bezitovu zokupheka, nje zicoce ezi kanye ngonyaka, ngaphandle kokuba singasebenzisi nje iipellet njengamafutha. Umzekelo, abasebenzisi abaninzi babeka ezinye iintlobo zezinto kwisitovu sabo, ezishiya iintsalela ezininzi kwaye ezinokuthi zisenze sifune ukucoca isitovu rhoqo. Ukongezelela, uninzi lwezi zitovu zinezixhobo zokubala, eziphawula iiyure zokusetyenziswa, nezibonisa ixesha esifanele sicoce ngalo nzulu. Kwiimeko ezininzi, ukucoca isitovu sethu sepellet kanye ngonyaka kuya kwanela.

Kuthekani ukuba kuya kufuneka susa ngamanye amaxesha luthuthu pellet, ethi nangona ivutha kakuhle kakhulu, ishiya iintsalela ezithile. Ukukunika umbono, iikhilogram ezili-15 zeepellet zivelisa kuphela iigram ezimbalwa zomlotha.

Ukongeza, kuya kufuneka uhlawule inzala ekhethekileyo kwiirubha ezenza izitovu, kuba zihlala ziguga ngokuhamba kwexesha, nangona oko kungcono ukuba ubhenele kwinkonzo yobuchwephesha, ngaphambi kokuba uqalise kwi-adventure, eyingozi. , tshintsha olu hlobo lwamaqhekeza. Ngokuphumla, izitofu zepellet azikho naziphi na iindawo zokugqoka, ezihlala zixabiswa.

Ngaba izitovu zepellet zikhuselekile?

Omnye wemibuzo esizibuza yona sonke thina abanomdla wokuthenga isitovu sepellet kukuba ingaba zikhuselekile ngokupheleleyo na ukuba zingafakwa ekhayeni lethu okanye kwenye indawo. Kwaye yiloo nto enye iintlobo zezitovu zisebenzisa ukutsha ukwenza ubushushu, ngoko akuthandabuzeki ukuba kukho iingozi ezinokuvela nangaliphi na ixesha.

Nangona kunjalo, izitovu zepellet, ukuthatha inkathalo encinci kunye ukuthatha amanye amanyathelo okhuseleko kukhuselekile ngokupheleleyoNdiyabulela ngokuyinxalenye kwinto yokuba ukutshisa kwenzeka ngeepellets, izinto ezikhuselekileyo kakhulu kunezinye ezisetyenziswa kwezinye izitovu.

Umfanekiso wesitovu sepellet

Phakathi kwemiba emihle yesitovu se-pellet, sifumanisa ukuba iipelisi zincinci kakhulu, xa kuthelekiswa nezinye izinto ezifana negesi okanye i-diesel, kwaye nazo azikwazi ukuqhuma. Nakuyo yonke into kufuneka sithathe amanyathelo okhuseleko ukuze olu hlobo lwezitovu lukhuseleke ngokupheleleyo.

Kuphephe ukufudumeza okugqithisileyo kwesitovu, enokuthi ibangelwe, umzekelo, ukusilela kwabalandeli, ekufuneka sihlale sibeke iliso ngokusondeleyo kakhulu. Kwakhona kunokwenzeka ukuba isitovu sitshise iipellet ezininzi kunokuba zimiselwe, ngempazamo okanye ngokungaphumeleli, kwaye fan ayiboneleli. Kwezinye iimeko isitovu ngokwaso siyacima, kodwa kwezinye siyaqhubeka sisebenza ngokuqhelekileyo, nto leyo ekufuneka siyilumkele ukuthintela ingxaki enkulu.

Ngokubanzi kwaye nangona banomngcipheko othile, njengazo zonke izitovu, zikhuselekile kakhulu yaye asifanele sibe nayo nayiphi na ingxaki yokuyisebenzisa kumhla wethu, nangona sizama ukuyigcina ikwimeko entle size siphumeze iitshekhi nokucocwa okufanelekileyo ngamaxesha amiselweyo.

Indlela yokufaka isitovu sepellet

Ukufakwa kwesitovu sepellet

Ukufakela isitovu sepellet kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo izinto ezine eziphambili:

  1. Khetha indawo yokuhlohla kakuhle. Igumbi kufuneka lilinganiswe ngokufanelekileyo ukuze amandla esitovu afumane ukusebenza okuphezulu.
  2. Thatha umoya wangaphandle. Kubalulekile ukuphefumla kakuhle ukuthintela umsi kunye netyhefu enokwenzeka.
  3. Faka isidibanisi segesi yombane. Licandelo lombhobho elidibanisa i-flue kunye nesitofu. Ngale ndlela, uninzi lomsi luya kuthunyelwa ngaphandle.
  4. Indawo efanelekileyo kunye nohlobo lwesigqoko. Umnqwazi yinxalenye efikelela kuvuthondaba ngomkhuhlane. Ukuze isebenze ngokufanelekileyo, kufuneka ihlangabezane nezinye iimfuno ezifana nobukhulu bayo (kufuneka ibe kabini icandelo lokuphuma lombhobho).

Iimpawu zesitovu sePellet

Isikhokelo sokuthenga isitovu sePellet Xa ukhetha isitofu se-pellet, ucinga malunga nokuba yeyiphi i-brand eya kukunika ukusebenza kakuhle kunye nexabiso elihle. Apha sidwelisa iibrendi ezine ezikumgangatho kunye nexabiso zihamba kunye.

bronpi

IBronpi luphawu lwesizwe lwezitovu zebiomass ezenziwe eSpain. Amaxabiso abo aphantsi kakhulu. Amandla ezitovu abazithengisayo ajikeleze 6 ukuya kwi-15 kW ngamaxabiso angaphezulu nje kwe-1.300 yee-euro.

Abaqhelekanga ukuba naziphi na izehlo kwaye zezona zibalaseleyo ngokwexabiso lemali.

lacunza

Izitovu zohlobo lweLacunza nazo zenziwe eSpain. Izitovu zePellet azibizi, nangona uphawu lukhethekileyo kwizitovu zomthi wentsimbi.

ihlathi le-eco

Olu phawu lwaziwa kwaye lunodumo olukhulu. Ukuveliswa kwayo kuqhutyelwa eGalicia kwaye yenye iimpawu zokuqala owathatha izitovu zebiomass malunga neminyaka engama-30 eyadlulayo. Baziwa kwihlabathi jikelele ngenkqubela phambili yabo entsha, yiyo loo nto sele befunwa kakhulu kwicandelo.

edilkamin

Abavelisi bezi zitovu ngamaTaliyane. Zikwaluphawu olunodumo olukhulu kwaye lwaziwa kwihlabathi liphela. Izitovu ze-iron pellet zine ukuqondwa kakuhle kunye nomgangatho omkhulu. Balumke kakhulu kuyilo kunye neenkcukacha. Ukongeza, iimveliso zabo zinedumela lokuba zihlala zihlala ziqinile kwaye zomelele.

Zisenokuba phezulu kancinci kwixabiso, kodwa ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, zonke izitovu zazo zezoluhlu oluphezulu oluphakathi.


Yiyiphi ibhajethi onayo yokufudumala ebusika?

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80 €


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  1. Inoxanduva lwedatha: AB Internet
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