Izitovu zomthi

Izitovu zomthi zizixhobo ezisebenzisayo iinkuni ezifunyanwa emithini zokubasa ukutshisa ikhaya. Ngokubanzi, iinkuni zokubasa zingabizi kakhulu kwaye zikhuselekile. Nangona kunjalo, kuxhomekeke kwimodeli yokwakha yesitovu ngasinye, ukusebenza kwayo kuyahluka.

Apha sikubonisa isithuba esipheleleyo esiya kukukhokela ukuba wazi nzulu ukuba luhlobo luni lwesitofu somthi omele ukhethe kwaye yintoni enomgangatho ophezulu. Ngaba uyafuna ukufunda ngakumbi malunga nezitovu zokutshisa iinkuni?

Ezona zitovu zomthi zibalaseleyo

Izitovu zomthi ziyeyona nto bayithandayo kumakhaya amaninzi aseSpain. Ke ngoko, ukukhetha eyona ilungileyo ifanelekileyo kuthi kunzima. Izitovu zomthi kulula ukuyisebenzisa kwaye azidingi mizamo okanye ufakelo oluntsonkothileyo. Bafuna kuphela indawo yokutshaya.

Ezona zitovu zezona zithengisayo ziimarike zezo zithi, kuxhomekeke kuyilo, amandla kunye nobuhle, zibe nomgangatho ongcono wexabiso / ixabiso. Esona sitovu somthi asisesona sinexabiso eliphezulu okanye esona sinophawu olugqwesileyo, kodwa eyona ilungele thina. Akuncedi nganto ukuba nesitovu esinophawu oluhle, ukuba asonelisi kakuhle ngemfuno yethu.

Ukwazi esona sitovu silungele thina, kufuneka sithathele ingqalelo uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali kunye neemfuno zethu.

Ukuba sifuna ukusebenzisa isitovu yonke imihla, kungcono ukubhenela kwisitovu esineendawo eziphezulu. Ezi zinokusebenza okuphezulu okuya kusishiya nokonga okuhle. Ezona mveliso zilungileyo zezitovu eziphezulu Bayi-Rocal kunye neJotul. Zezona ntengiso zinobuchule obuphezulu kunye noyilo olunobunkunkqele.

Izitovu zeenkuni ezingabizi kakhulu

Ukuba sifuna isitovu ukuze singasetyenziswa rhoqo, akufanele sikhathazeke kakhulu malunga nomgangatho okanye uphawu. Siza kuya ngqo kwezona zitovu zinexabiso eliphantsi emarikeni.

Ezona zitovu zokhuni zisetyenziswa ngamaxesha athile ngaphakathi ukusuka kwi-brand Bronpi. Zikuluhlu oluphakathi, kodwa luhlangabezana ngokugqibeleleyo nazo zonke iimfuno eziyimfuneko. Iimbuyekezo zilungile ngokwexabiso ezikuzo. Abakhuthazwa ukuba basebenzise imihla ngemihla, ekubeni ixesha labo lobomi lilinganiselwe kwaye kuya kufuneka sitshintshe isitovu kwiminyaka embalwa. Ukongeza, zibandakanya iindleko ezinkulu njengoko zinomsebenzi omncinci.

Isitovu samaplanga saseJoima esineplanga

Olu hlobo lwesitofu lufanelekile ukusetyenziswa kwizindlu zesibini, apho ixesha esilichitha kulo alide kakhulu. Inamandla angama-10 kW, ngoko iyakwazi ukufudumeza amakhaya ukuya kuma-280 square metres. Ingaphakathi layo lenziwe nge-vermiculite kwaye inenkqubo yeglasi ecocekileyo kunye nokutsha kabini. Inomsebenzi omhle kakhulu.

Ukuthenga olu luhlu lubandakanya iraki yokucoca, isitshizi sepeyinti, i-barbecue grill, kunye neglavu.

Joima imodeli TEYDE

Apha sifumana imodeli yezoqoqosho kunye nelula. Ilungele amagumbi asemaphandleni. Inamandla angama-10 kW kunye nomthamo wokufudumeza ngaphezu kwe-200 cubic metres. Luyilo oluvela kwiimpawu zesibini zeJoima, ezilungiselelwe ezo ndawo zilula.

Banenkqubo yeglasi ecocekileyo, ephindwe kabini. Izinto ekwakhiwe ngazo zimelana ne-650 degrees kwaye nkqu nocango lweglasi lwenziwe ngeglasi-ceramic imathiriyeli ekwaziyo ukumelana namaqondo obushushu angama-750. I-cast iron grill iyasuswa ukuze iququzelele imisebenzi yokucoca kunye nedrowa apho uthuthu lufakwe khona.

Ukuba uthenga esi sitovu, iglavu iza njengesipho.

Joima MULHACEN

Esi sitovu senziwe ngentsimbi kwaye siza neoveni. Amandla ayo okufudumeza yi-12 kW kunye nokusebenza kwayo ngama-71,7%. Inomnyango weglasi, umbala we-anthracite. I-oven enkulu yangaphambili inomnyango weglasi kunye ne-vermiculite yangaphakathi. Ine-ashtray kunye ne-120mm yangasemva yokukhupha umsi.

Kufuneka ibekwe kufuphi nodonga ukuququzelela ukuphuma komsi ngetyhubhu. Kwaye yenziwa eSpain.

Isitovu seenkuni esine-oveni

Izitovu ezivuthayo ezenziwe ngomthi ezine-oveni ziyilelwe ukuba zifudumeze ngemitha kunye nokuhambisa izinto, ukongeza ekubeni nakho ukupheka. Oku kunokwenzeka ngenxa yentsimbi enkulu engenazingcingo efakiweyo.

UJohn Baker R5

Lo mzekelo intsonkothile kwaye ilungiselelwe amagumbi amancinci. Ine-injini yomoya kunye namandla ayi-8 kW. Inomthamo wokufudumeza we-3 kg / h kunye nokulawulwa komoya oyintloko kunye nowesibini wokutsha.

Ngesiqinisekiso seminyaka emi-5, ukuba uthenga esi sitovu uya kuba neglavu, isitshizi sepeyinti kunye neharika yokucoca equkiweyo. Ngokuqinisekileyo, unayo i-oven yakho kwindawo ephezulu.

Belloren CH4

Isitovu senziwe ngezinto zentsimbi ezinamacala angama-4 ubukhulu ukutyeba ukuqinisekisa ubomi obude obuluncedo. I-grill yokutsha iyabandakanywa. I-oveni ine-thermometer kunye nomthamo owaneleyo wokubeka iirosi. Inedrowa yokuqokelela uthuthu apho unokulawula khona umoya ongena kwaye ushiye isekethe.

Umnyango wangaphambili ubandakanya iglasi yodongwe ukumelana ne-900 ° C Ngokukhusela ngokukhethekileyo i-ceramic kunye nenkxaso yentsimbi engenasici kunye nokungena komoya okwesibini okuphucula ukutsha.

Esi sesona sitovu silula somthi esine-oveni. Ifanelekile kwizindlu ezihlotshiswe ngesitayela se-rustic. Ayibandakanyi imibhobho efunekayo ukuze umsi uphume kwitshimini.

Zikulungele ukubeka phakathi kwegumbi, kuba ziyakwazi ukufudumeza indawo kumacala omabini kunye nokupheka ngexesha elifanayo. Banethemometha ye-analog ukulawula ubushushu bokutya kwi-oveni.

Bronpi Murano

Lo mzekelo uncinci ngakumbi kwaye usivumela ukuba sibe nobuhle obuncinci kumhombiso. Inamandla okufudumeza kwe-14 kW, ngoko inomthamo ovuthayo we-350 cubic metres. Ukusebenza kwayo ngama-80%, okuyimpumelelo. Kukulungele ukuzibeka kufuphi neendonga apho umsi womsi unokudibaniswa lula.

Inenkqubo yokutshisa kabini, iglasi ecocekileyo kunye nenkqubo yokugquma ukuhambisa bonke ubushushu ngaphakathi kwe-oven. Ingaphakathi lenziwe ngevermiculite.

Ibandakanya irakhi yokucoca, iglavu kunye nesitshizi sepeyinti kwaye inewaranti yeminyaka emi-5. Ubungakanani obukhulu beelogi ezixhasayo yi-63 cm.

FM CH-8

Esi sitovu se-oveni Isiphelo esiphakamileyo Kwaye unikezwe ubungakanani bayo, ikuvumela ukuba upheke inani elikhulu le-roasts. Kananjalo inamandla angama-14 kW, njengangaphambili, kunye nomthamo wokufudumeza we-313 cubic metres. Inesivuno se-80% kunye nokutyiwa kwe-4,1 kg yeenkuni ngeyure.

Ingaphakathi lenziwe nge-vermiculite kwaye inenkqubo yokutshisa kabini kunye neglasi ecocekileyo. Ukuba uyayithenga bakunika iglavu, iraki yokucoca kunye nesitshizi sepeyinti.

Izitovu ezivutha umlilo zangaphandle

Nangona izitovu zihlala zinxulunyaniswa nokufudumeza ngaphakathi, ikwasetyenziswa nangaphandle. Zikulungele ukufudumeza iivaranda kunye namagumbi amancinci akhuselekileyo kubanda.

Ukwenza naliphi na indawo engaphandle ukuba ibe mnandi, baya kusivumela ukuba sonwabele ithala lethu, igadi okanye ipatio unyaka wonke. Singazifumana izinto yentsimbi enomhlwa, intsimbi ebunjiweyo kunye nesinyithi.

Basinika ivumba elishushu lemithi etshisiweyo kwaye basinceda siphumelele kwisitayile sasemaphandleni.

Lo mzekelo Yenzelwe iigadi. Ubungakanani bayo obukhulu buvumela indawo ukuba ifudunyezwe ixesha elide. Kulula kakhulu ukucoca. Inomgangatho ophezulu wokubhoboza okwaziyo ukumelana namaqondo obushushu aphezulu ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa ngumbala.

Inegridi yokuthintela iintlantsi ekuxhumeni. Ukuze intsimbi ingagqwali, unako
Peyinta umphandle ngombala okwaziyo ukumelana nobushushu.

Isetyenziselwa kuphela ingaphandle, nangona ukusebenza kwayo kukhulu ukuba umphandle ugqunywe kancinci luhlobo oluthile lwe-pergola okanye i-awning. Ubude bayo buyi-1,2 yeemitha.

Iindidi zezitovu zokhuni

Zintathu iindidi zezitovu zomthi ezixhomekeke kwizinto ezakhiwe ngazo.

  • Isinyithi esityhidiweyo: Okokuqala sinentsimbi etyhidiweyo. Zinzima kuba ziyimpahla exhathisayo kwaye kunzima ukuyifaka. Nangona kunjalo, ukusebenza kwayo kungcono njengoko ine-inertia egqwesileyo ye-thermal kwaye ihambisa ubushushu ngakumbi ngokufana.
  • Intsimbi: Izitovu zentsimbi zilula kwaye kulula ukuzifaka. Zihlala zitshiphu kunezo zangaphambili kwaye nangona zinokunyuka okuhle kubushushu, azifudumezi kakuhle.
  • Izinto eziPhambukayo: Zininzi voluminous kwaye Ukuzimela ukuya kuthi ga kwiiyure ezingama-20. Ukwakhiwa kwezinto ezinokwakheka, bayakwazi ukugcina ubushushu kwaye babusasaze ngokufanelekileyo. Banokusebenza okuphezulu kunye nemitha eyomeleleyo.

Imibhobho yesitovu seenkuni

Izitovu ezenziwe ngomthi zifuna iityhubhu ziguqule imiphunga eyenziwe ngexesha lokutsha kwaye zinciphise ingozi yetyhefu. Eyona imibhobho isebenzayo kunye nezinto ezisemgangathweni Zivela kuhlobo lweWolfpack.

Le tyhubhu i-vitrified kwaye imnyama ngombala ukuze ilumke ngakumbi kwaye ijoyine uyilo olucokisekileyo. Inobunzima be-2,64 kg kwaye inemilinganiselo ye-99,2 x 15,2 x 15,2 cm.

Kukho neetyhubhu ezinezinto ezifakwe igalvanized kunye nombala wesilivere. Ifanelekile kwizitovu zokhuni. Imilinganiselo yayo yi-8mm ubukhulu kunye ne-250mm ububanzi.

Indlela yokwenza izitovu zomthi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RfiSI5jFdiY

Kulabo bantu bezandla abafuna ukwakha ezabo izitovu zeenkuni, apha siza kubonelela ngazo zonke izinto eziyimfuneko kwaye sizicacise inyathelo ngenyathelo.

Okokuqala, udinga ezi zinto zilandelayo:

  • Umdla
  • Arena
  • Izitena
  • Unxweme
  • Spatula
  • Inqanaba
  • Ioyile etshisiweyo
  • Tubos
  • Amacwecwe okupheka

Ngoku sichaza inyathelo ngenyathelo ukuba wenzeni:

  1. Kufuneka sicoce indawo esiza kwakha kuyo isitovu kakuhle ukuze sibe sihle kangangoko.
  2. Izitena zibekwa ukwenza isiseko. Ukuzinamathela, Siza kusebenzisa umxube we-20% yodongwe kunye ne-80% yesanti.
  3. Xa isiseko sakhiwe ngokupheleleyo, siya kubeka i-mesh edibeneyo ukwenza i-arch. Iintonga zebhedi zisetyenziselwa ukubeka into esifuna ukuyipheka.
  4. Sibeke ngaphakathi kwisithuba se-mesh ngezitena ezingaphezulu.
  5. Sakha isiseko esicaba esiza kusisebenzisa ukupheka kamva.
  6. Siyafaka isicelo umaleko weesentimitha ezi-3 zomxube wodongwe nesanti kwaye siyalinganisa.
  7. Nje ukuba oku kugqityiwe, sifaka imibhobho kunye nokunxibelelana apho kuya kuthi kuphume umsi wokutsha.
  8. Sivumela yonke into ukuba yome iintsuku ezimbini kwaye siyakulungela isitovu sethu ukwenza ukutya.

Indlela yokufaka isitovu sokhuni

Kubalulekile ukwazi onke amanyathelo okufaka isitovu sakho seenkuni kwaye yonke into ichanekile. Apha sichaza inyathelo ngenyathelo.

  1. Thatha isigqibo sokuba yeyiphi indawo oza kuyifaka kuyo. Eyona ndawo ifanelekileyo yokufaka isitovu seenkuni yile ndawo yendlu ekuhlalwa kuyo kwaye efuna ubushushu obungaphezulu.
  2. Beka izinto phantsi nangasemva kwesitovu ezingatshiyo ukusikhusela kuyo nayiphi na ingozi. Kufuneka sihloniphe malunga neesentimitha ezingama-40 zesithuba phakathi kwesitovu kunye nodonga.
  3. Sidibanisa umbhobho wetshimini oya kukhupha umsi kwisitovu.

Ukufakela isitovu seenkuni ngokuthe ngqo. Nangona kunjalo, kungcono ukhethe ukubiza iingcali ukuba zikuncede uyenze nokuba iyabiza kakhulu. Kuhlala kungcono ukutyala imali kukhuseleko.

Ukugcinwa kwesitovu seenkuni

Isikhokelo sesitovu sokhuni

Izitovu zeenkuni zifuna ukulungiswa rhoqo kunye nokucoca ukuqinisekisa imeko elungileyo, ukhuseleko kunye nokusebenza okuphezulu.

  • Into yokuqala yokuqwalasela ngamalungu. Kufuneka zicocwe kwaye zihlolwe rhoqo. Ukuba azimanzi ngokupheleleyo, kufuneka kutshintshwe ezinye.
  • Iglasi ye-oveni kufuneka icocwe kuyo kuthintela ukuqokelelana kwamabala amdaka. Eyona nto iluncedo kukusebenzisa ilaphu elifumileyo elimiliselwe ngomlotha.
  • Amacwecwe kwigumbi lokutsha ayaphela ngokwendalo emva kokusetyenziswa rhoqo. Ke ngoko, kuxhomekeke ekusebenziseni esikunikayo kunye nobuninzi, kuya kufuneka sithenge enye.
  • Itreyi yomlotha kufuneka ichithwe, nangona isebenza kakuhle ngakumbi ukushiya umaleko wayo omncinci emazantsi.
  • Ukucoca umphandle wesitovu sebenzisa isicoci okanye ilaphu elomileyo. Akunyanzelekanga ukuba usebenzise utywala okanye izinyibilikisi, kuba zonakalisa ipeyinti.

Iiklasi zeenkuni

Iindidi zeenkuni

Okokugqibela, kuxhomekeke kwimfuno kunye nokuphindaphinda kwezixhobo esizisebenzisayo, siza kusebenzisa olunye uhlobo lweenkuni okanye olunye. Phambi kokwahlulahlula ukuba zeziphi iinkuni ezifanelekileyo, kufanelekile ukuba kukhankanywe ukuba kufuneka yome kakhulu.

Sizahlula iintlobo ezimbini zeenkuni, ezilukhuni kwaye zithambile. Umthi othambileyo awusoloko uluncedo kuba uyahlaziya kwaye awuvelisi umlilo. Ixabiso layo le-calorific liphantsi kwaye oko akusincedi ukufumana amalahle afanelekileyo ekhitshini.

Phakathi kolona mgangatho uphakamileyo womthi esiwufumanayo:

  • Iinkuni zom-oki. Ngomnye weenkuni ezinzima kakhulu ezikhoyo. Inokungqinelana okuhle kunye nobomi obude. Amalahle asinika wona okupheka alunge kakhulu. Zilungele i-barbecues kunye neeresityu.
  • Iinkuni zomnquma. Le iinkuni yenza ilangatye elifanelekileyo ngakumbi lokufudumeza.
  • IAlmond, oki, icarob kunye neenkuni zeorenji. Zonke zinobunzima obukhulu kunye nokuhambelana, yiyo loo nto zithathwa njengomgangatho olungileyo.

Ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi ngayo yonke into enxulumene nezitovu zokhuni kwaye wazi ukuba yeyiphi eyona ilungele wena.


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