Wood stoves are devices that use firewood extracted from trees for fuel to heat the home. In general, firewood is a cheap and safe fuel. However, depending on the construction model of each stove, its performance varies.
Here we present a very complete post that will guide you to know in depth what type of wood stove you should choose and which one has higher quality. Do you want to learn more about wood burning stoves?
The best wood stoves
Wood stoves have become the favorite option for many Spanish households. Therefore, choosing which is the best that suits us is difficult. Wood stoves they are easy to use and they do not require efforts or complex installations. They only require a smoke outlet.
The best wood stoves on the market are those that, depending on the design, power and aesthetics, have a better quality / price ratio. The best wood stove is not the most expensive or the one with the best brand, but the one that best suits us. It is useless to have a stove with a good brand, if it does not satisfy our need well.
To know which stove is best for us, we must take into account our budget and needs.
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If we need to use the stove on a daily basis, it is better to resort to a high-end stove. These have a high performance that will leave us good savings. The best brands of high-end stoves They are Rocal and Jotul. They are the brands that have the highest efficiency and very sophisticated designs.
Cheap wood stoves
If we need the stove for less frequent use, we should not worry too much about quality or brand. We will go directly to the cheapest stoves on the market.
The best wood stoves with occasional use are inside from the brand Bronpi. They are of the mid-low range, but it perfectly meets all the necessary requirements. The returns are quite good for the price they are. They are not recommended for daily use, since their life time is more limited and we would have to change the stove in a few years. In addition, they involve a greater expense as they have less performance.
Eco Design Frankfurt
This type of stove is perfect for use in second homes, where the time we spend in it is not very long. It has a power of 9 kW, so it could heat homes of up to 280 square meters. Its interior is made of vermiculite and has a clean glass system and double combustion. It has a pretty good performance.
If you buy this range, you include a cleaning rake, paint spray, barbecue grill, and a glove.
Here we find the cheapest and simplest model. Ideal for rural rooms. It has a power of 8 kW and a heating capacity of 200 cubic meters. It is a design from second brands by Bronpi, designed for those simpler areas.
They have a clean, double-combustion glass system. The materials with which it is built withstand 650 degrees and even the glass door is made of a glass-ceramic material capable of withstanding temperatures of 750 degrees. The cast iron grill is removable to facilitate cleaning tasks as well as the drawer where the ashes are deposited.
If you buy this stove, a glove comes as a gift.
This stove is made of steel and comes with an oven. Its heating power is 9.5 kW and its efficiency is 71,7%. It has a glass door, anthracite color. The large front oven also has a glass door and a vermiculite interior. It has an ashtray and a rear 120mm smoke outlet.
It should be placed near the wall to facilitate the exit of smoke through the tube. And it was made in Spain.
Wood stove with oven
Wood burning stoves with an oven have been designed to offer heating through radiation and convection, as well as being able to cook. This is possible thanks to a large stainless steel oven installed.
John Baker R5
This model is more sophisticated and prepared for smaller rooms. It has a turbine and a power of 8 kW. It has a heating capacity of 3 kg/h and regulation of the primary and secondary combustion air.
With a 5-year guarantee, if you buy this stove you will have a glove, paint spray and a rake for cleaning included. Of course, you have your oven in the upper area.
The stove is designed with a 4 mm thick laminated steel material to guarantee a fairly long useful life. The combustion grill is also incorporated. The oven has a thermometer and enough capacity to put roasts. It has an ash collection drawer where the air entering and leaving the circuit can also be regulated.
The front door incorporates a glass ceramic resistant to 900 ° C with special ceramic shielding with stainless steel support and secondary air inlet that improves combustion.
This is the simplest wood stove with oven. It is perfect for houses decorated in a rustic style. It does not include the tubes necessary for the fumes to come out through the chimney.
They are ideal to place in the middle of the room, since they are capable of heating the environment on both sides and cooking at the same time. They have an analog thermometer to control the temperature of the food in the oven.
This model is a little more sophisticated and allows us to have a little more elegance in the decoration. It has a heating power of 14 kW, so it has a heatable volume of 350 cubic meters. Its performance is 80%, which is quite successful. It is ideal to place them near the walls where the smoke outlet can be easily connected.
It has a double combustion system, clean glass and an enveloping system to distribute all the heat inside the oven. The interior is made of vermiculite.
Includes cleaning rake, glove and paint spray and has a 5-year warranty. The maximum size of the logs that it supports is 63 cm.
This oven stove is high end And given its size, it allows you to cook a large number of roasts. It also has a power of 14 kW, like the previous one, with a heating capacity of 350 cubic meters. It has a yield of 80% and a consumption of 4,1 kg of firewood per hour.
The interior is made of vermiculite and has a double combustion system and clean glass. If you buy it they give you a glove, the cleaning rake and the paint spray.
Outdoor wood burning stoves
Although stoves are often associated with heating indoors, it is also used for outdoors. They are perfect for heating porches and small rooms that are protected from the cold.
To make any outdoor space more pleasant, they will allow us to enjoy our terrace, garden or patio throughout the year. We can find elements of rusty iron, wrought iron and sheet metal.
They also give us the warm aroma of burnt wood and help us win in rural style.
This model It is made for gardens. Its large size allows an area to be heated for longer. It's very easy to clean. It has a high quality puncture that withstands high temperatures without losing color.
It has a grid to prevent sparks from jumping. So that the iron does not rust, you can
Paint the exterior in a color that is heat resistant.
It is only used for exteriors, although its performance is greater if the exterior is semi-covered by some type of pergola or awning. Its height is 1,2 meters.
Types of wood stoves
There are three types of wood stoves depending on the material with which they are built.
- Molten iron: First we have the cast iron ones. They are heavier since it is a resistant material and more difficult to install. Nevertheless, its performance is better as it has excellent thermal inertia and transmits heat more evenly.
- Steel: Steel stoves are lighter and easier to install. They are usually cheaper than the previous ones and although they have a good increase in temperature, they are less efficient heating.
- Refracting Material: They are more voluminous and have autonomy of up to 20 hours. Being built with refractory material, they are able to better conserve heat and distribute it more efficiently. They have high performance and strong radiation.
Pipes for wood stoves
Wood stoves require tubes to divert the fumes generated during combustion and reduce the risk of poisoning. The most efficient tubes and with better quality materials They are from the Wolfpack brand.
This tube is vitrified and black in color to be more discreet and join a more elaborate design. It weighs 2,64 kg and has dimensions of 99,2 x 15,2 x 15,2 cm.
There are also tubes with galvanized material and silver color. It is ideal for wood stoves. Its dimensions are 8mm thick and 250mm in diameter.
How to make wood stoves
For those handymen who want to build their own wood stove, here we are going to provide all the necessary materials and explain it step by step.
First, you need the following materials:
- Burned oil
- Cooking plates
Now we explain step by step what to do:
- We must clean the area where we are going to build the stove well so that it is as good as possible.
- Bricks are laid to make the base. To stick them, We will use a mixture of 20% clay and 80% sand.
- When the base is completely built, we will place a welded mesh to create an arch. The rods of the bed are used to put what we want to cook.
- We lined the inside of the mesh space with more bricks.
- We create a flat base that we will use to cook later.
- We apply a 3-centimeter layer of clay and sand mixture and we level it out.
- Once this is finished, we install the pipes and connections through which the combustion smoke will come out.
- We let everything dry for two days and we will have our stove ready to make meals.
How to install a wood stove
It is important to know all the steps to install your wood stove and that everything is correct. Here we explain step by step.
- Decide in which area you are going to install it. The best place to install a wood stove is that area of the house that is most inhabited and that needs more heat.
- Put a material under and behind the stove that is not combustible to protect us from any accident. We must respect about 40 centimeters of space between the stove and the wall.
- We connect the chimney pipe that will expel the fumes to the stove.
Installing a wood stove is relatively straightforward. However, it is better to choose to call professionals to help you do it even if it is something more expensive. It is always better to invest in security.
Maintenance of a wood stove
Wood stoves require regular maintenance and cleaning to ensure good condition, safety and maximum performance.
- The first thing to consider are the joints. They must be cleaned and checked periodically. If they are not totally watertight, they must be replaced.
- The oven glass must be cleaned to prevent the accumulation of soot stains. The most useful is to use a damp cloth impregnated with ash.
- The plates in the combustion chamber wear out naturally after continuous use. Therefore, depending on the use we give it and the frequency, we will have to buy another.
- The ash tray must be emptied, although it is more efficient to leave a thin layer of it on the bottom.
- To clean the outside of the stove, use a vacuum cleaner or a dry cloth. You do not have to use alcohol or solvents, since they damage the paint.
Finally, depending on the need and the frequency with which we use our stove, we will use one type of firewood or another. Before differentiating which are the best firewood, it should be mentioned that it must be very dry.
We differentiate two types of firewood, hard and soft. Soft wood is not usually useful because it is fresher and does not produce good combustion. Its calorific value is lower and it also does not help us to obtain good embers in the kitchen.
Among the highest quality hardwood we find:
- Oak firewood. It is one of the hardest firewoods that exist. It has great consistency and long life. The embers that it gives us for cooking are very good. They are ideal for barbecues and restaurants.
- Olive wood. This firewood makes a more suitable flame for heating.
- Almond, oak, carob and orange firewood. All have great hardness and consistency, which is why they are considered of good quality.
With this information you will be able to learn more about everything related to wood stoves and find out which one is the best for you.
Table of Contents
- 1 The best wood stoves
- 2 Cheap wood stoves
- 3 Wood stove with oven
- 4 Outdoor wood burning stoves
- 5 Types of wood stoves
- 6 Pipes for wood stoves
- 7 How to make wood stoves
- 8 How to install a wood stove
- 9 Maintenance of a wood stove
- 10 Firewood classes