Wood-burning stoves are devices that employ firewood extracted from trees as fuel to heat the home. Generally, wood is an inexpensive and safe fuel. However, depending on the construction model of each stove, its performance varies.
Here is a very complete post that will guide you to know in depth what type of wood stove you should choose and which one has the best quality. Do you want to learn more about wood stoves?
Table of Contents
- 1 The best wood stoves
- 2 Cheap wood stoves
- 3 Wood stove with oven
- 4 Outdoor wood stoves
- 5 Types of wood stoves
- 6 Pipes for wood stoves
- 7 How to make wood stoves
- 8 How a wood stove is installed
- 9 Maintenance of a wood stove
- 10 Types of firewood
The best wood stoves
Wood-burning stoves have become the favourite choice of many Spanish households. Therefore, choosing the best one that suits us is difficult. Wood stoves are easy to use and do not require effort or complex installations. They only require a smoke outlet.
The best wood stoves on the market are those that, depending on the design, power and aesthetics, have the best quality/price ratio. The best wood stove is not the most expensive or the one that has the best brand, but the one that has the best quality. the one that best suits us. It is useless to have a stove with a good brand, if it does not meet our needs well.
To know which stove is best for us, we must take into account the budget we have and our needs.
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If we need to use the stove on a daily basis, it is better to use a high-end stove. These have a high performance that will leave us with good savings. The best brands of top of the range stoves are Rocal and Jotul. They are the brands with the highest efficiency and very sophisticated designs.
Cheap wood stoves
If we need the stove for less frequent use, we should not worry too much about quality or brand. We will go straight to the cheapest stoves on the market.
The best wood-burning stoves for occasional use are in Bronpi brand. They are mid-low range, but perfectly meet all the necessary requirements. The performances are quite good for the price they have. They are not recommended for daily use, since their life time is more limited and they have a very short life time. we would have to change the stove after a few years. In addition, they are more expensive as they are less efficient.
This type of stove is perfect for use in second homes, where the time we stay in it is not very long. It has a power of 9 kW, so it could heat homes up to about 85 square meters. Its interior is made of vermiculite and has a clean glass system and double combustion. It has an efficiency of 76% and consumes 2.8 kg of wood per hour.
If you purchase this stove, a cleaning rake, spray paint, grill rack and glove are included.
Supports a maximum log size of 43 cm.
This model is more sophisticated and prepared for smaller rooms. It has a turbine and a power of 11 kW. It has a heating capacity of 275 cubic meters and regulation of primary and secondary combustion air.
With 5 years warranty, if you buy this stove you will have included glove, paint spray and rake for cleaning. It consumes 3.4 kg of wood per hour and has an efficiency of 76%.
Here we find the most economical and simple model. Ideal for rural rooms. It has a power of 8 kW and a heating capacity of 200 cubic meters. It is a design of second Bronpi brands, designed for those simpler areas.
They have a clean glass system and double combustion. The materials with which it is constructed withstand 650 degrees and even the glass door is made of a glass ceramic material capable of withstanding temperatures of 750 degrees. The cast iron grill is removable for easy cleaning, as is the drawer where the ashes are deposited.
If you purchase this stove you get a glove as a gift.
Sabina Eco Plus
This stove is made of steel and comes with a built-in oven. Its heating power is 12.7 kW and its efficiency is 71.7%. It has a glazed door, anthracite colour. The large front oven also has a glazed door and a vermiculite interior. It has an ashtray and a rear smoke outlet of 120mm.
The maximum size of logs it accepts is 52 cm. It needs a battery for the timer of lithium-metal type.
It should be placed close to the wall to facilitate the exit of fumes through the pipe.
Wood stove with oven
The wood stoves with oven have been designed to offer heating through radiation and convection, in addition to cooking. This is possible thanks to a large stainless steel oven installed in the stove.
The stove is designed with a 4 mm thick laminated steel material to ensure a long service life. It also comes with a built-in combustion grill. The oven has a thermometer and enough capacity to put roasts. It has an ash collection drawer where you can also regulate the air that enters and leaves the circuit.
The front door incorporates a vitro-ceramic glass resistant to 900°C with special ceramic shielding with stainless steel support and secondary air inlet to improve combustion.
This is the simplest model of wood stove with oven. It is perfect for houses decorated in a rustic style. It does not include the necessary pipes for the smoke to come out of the chimney.
They are ideal to place in the middle of the room, as they are able to heat the room on both sides and at the same time cook. They have an analog thermometer to control the temperature of the food in the oven.
This model is a little more sophisticated and allows us to have a little more elegance in the decor. It has a heating power of 14 kW, so it has a heatable volume of 350 cubic meters. Its efficiency is 80%, which is quite good. It is ideal for placement close to walls where the flue can be easily connected.
It has a double combustion system, clean glass and a surround system to distribute all the heat inside the oven. The interior is made of vermiculite.
Includes cleaning rake, glove and paint spray and comes with a 5 year warranty. The maximum size of the trunks that admits is 63 cm.
This oven stove is high-end and given its size, it allows you to cook a large number of roasts. It also has a power of 14 kW, like the previous one, with a heating capacity of 350 cubic meters. It has an efficiency of 80% and a consumption of 4.1 kg of wood per hour.
The interior is made of vermiculite and has a double combustion system and clean glass. If you buy it you get a free glove, cleaning rake and paint spray.
Outdoor wood stoves
Although stoves are often associated with heating indoors, they are also used outdoors. They are perfect for heating porches and small rooms that are protected from the cold.
To make any outdoor space more pleasant, they will allow us to enjoy our terrace, garden or patio all year round. We can find elements of rusty iron, forge and sheet metal.
They also bring us the warm aroma of burning wood and help us to gain in rural style.
This model is made for gardens. Its large size allows you to heat an area for a longer period of time. It is very easy to clean. It has a high quality stitch that withstands high temperatures without losing color.
It has a grid to prevent sparks from jumping. To prevent the iron from rusting, it is possible to
paint the exterior with a color that is heat resistant.
It is only suitable for outdoors, although its performance is higher if the exterior is semi-covered by some kind of pergola or awning. Its height is 1.2 meters.
Types of wood stoves
There are three types of wood stoves depending on the material they are made of.
- Cast IronFirst we have the cast iron ones. They are heavier because it is a resistant material and more difficult to install. However, your performance is better as it has excellent thermal inertia and transmits heat more evenly.
- Steel: Steel stoves are lighter and have a simpler installation. They are usually cheaper than the previous ones and although they have a good temperature rise, are less efficient at heating.
- Refractory materialThey are more voluminous and have autonomy of up to 20 hours. As they are built with refractory materials, they are able to conserve heat better and distribute it more efficiently. They have a high performance and a strong radiation.
Pipes for wood stoves
Wood stoves require pipes to divert the fumes generated during combustion and reduce the danger of poisoning. The most efficient pipes and with better quality materials are of the brand Wolfpack.
This tube is vitrified and black to be more discreet and join a more elaborate design. It weighs 2.64 kg and has dimensions of 99.2 x 15.2 x 15.2 cm.
There are also pipes with galvanized and silver-colored material. It is ideal for wood stoves. Its dimensions are 103 x 14 x 14 x 14 cm and it weighs 1,26 kg.
How to make wood stoves
For those handyman who want to build their own wood stove, here we will provide all the necessary materials and explain it step by step.
First, you need the following materials:
- Burnt oil
- Cooking plates
Now we explain step by step what to do:
- We must clean the area where we are going to build the stove so that it looks as good as possible.
- The bricks are placed to make the base. To glue them together, we will use a mixture of 20% clay and 80% sand.
- When the base is completely built, we will place a welded mesh to create an arch. The rods of the bed are used to put what we want to cook.
- We lined the inside of the mesh space with more bricks.
- We create a flat base that we will use for cooking later.
- We apply a 3-centimeter layer of clay-sand mixture and leveled it.
- Once this is finished, we install the pipes and connections through which the smoke from the combustion will come out.
- Let everything dry for two days and we will have our stove ready to make meals.
How a wood stove is installed
It is important to know all the steps to install your wood stove and that everything is correct. Here we explain step by step.
- Decide in which area you are going to install it. The best place to install a wood-burning stove is in the area of the house that is most inhabited and needs the most heat.
- Place a non-combustible material under and behind the stove to protect us from any accidents. We must respect about 40 centimeters of space between the stove and the wall.
- We connect the chimney pipe that will expel the fumes to the stove.
Installing a wood stove is relatively simple. However, it is better to choose to call in professionals to help you do it even if it is a bit more expensive. It is always better to invest in safety.
Maintenance of a wood stove
Wood-burning stoves require regular maintenance and cleaning to ensure good condition, safety and maximum performance.
- The first thing to consider is the seals. They should be cleaned and checked periodically. If they are not completely watertight, they should be replaced.
- The oven glass must be cleaned to prevent the accumulation of soot stains. The most useful is to use a damp cloth soaked in ashes.
- The plates in the combustion chamber wear out naturally after continuous use. Therefore, depending on the use we give it and the frequency, we will have to buy another one.
- The ash tray must be emptied, although it is more efficient to leave a thin layer of ash on the bottom.
- To clean the outside of the stove, use a vacuum cleaner or a dry cloth. Do not use alcohol or solvents, as they damage the paintwork.
Types of firewood
Finally, depending on the need and frequency with which we use our stove, we will use one type of firewood or another. Before differentiating which are the best firewood, it should be mentioned that it must be very dry.
We differentiate between two types of firewood, hard and soft. Soft firewood is not usually useful because it is cooler and does not produce a good combustion. Its calorific value is lower and it is not useful to obtain good embers in the kitchen.
Among the highest quality hardwood we find:
- Holm oak firewood. It is one of the hardest firewoods that exist. It has great consistency and long life. The embers that it gives us for cooking are very good. They are ideal for barbecues and restaurants.
- Olive wood. This firewood makes a flame more suitable for heating.
- Almond, oak, carob and orange tree wood.. All have great hardness and consistency, so they are considered good quality.
With this information you can learn more about wood stoves and find out which one is best for you.
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